Person Index

Important: Before you try to pronounce these names, read the note about the Bengali transliteration used. If you are too impatient, then pronounce them as in English except that G and J (the capitalized ones) stand for a nasal soung like ng, and c is to be pronounced like ch. This way, what you pronounce will possibly be recognizable at least. The pronounciation of y (lower case) is often like j, and the combination kS is like kkh. y, v and m without preceding vowel, r or l duplicate the previous consonant: thus lakSmaNa is pronounced almost lakkhon.

Alphabetical (in bengali) listing of all names appearing in the geneology. The number gives the generations since bhavanAtha caTTopAdhyAYa. Roughly speaking, this gives an idea of the time someone lived.

Translation between date of birth and generation number. Note that these are meant to be indicative only: the actual generation time was certainly more variable. See the discussion on my genealogy page for a discussion of the uncertainties.
Approximate time of birthGeneration range Approximate time of birthGeneration range Approximate time of birthGeneration range
21st century17-20 20th century14-17 19th century11-14
18th century 7-10 17th century 4- 7 16th century 1- 4

Apart from last names that appear through marriage: gaGgopAdhyAYa and gAGgulI [colloquial from gaGgopAdhyAYa [gaGgA (a river; see here) + upAdhyAYa (teacher; see here)], the family has used three major last names: bhaTTAcAryya, cakra-varttI and caTTopAdhyAYa (see here for meanings). Strictly speaking, bhaTTAcAryya and cakra-varttI are supposed to be titles.

anu-lekhA bhaTTAcAryya 15
anu (along, following) + likh (from rikh; to tear up, furrow, scratch, engrave, write) + suffix. For bhaTTAcAryya, see here.
aJjali 15
aJj (to apply ointment, color, anoint, clarify, decorate, honour) + suffix = open hands slightly hollowed, reverence, handful of grain).
ambikA-nAtha 8
ambikA (pArvatI, see here) + nAtha (lord, see here.) = shiva
AratI bhaTTAcAryya 15
From saMskRta ArAtrika [A (near, towards, among, fully) + rAtri [from rAtrI, probably from rA (to give, see here) or ram (to calm, see here); night] + suffix = light waved before idol at night, worship]. For bhaTTAcAryya, see here.
Ashisa 16
Benediction. See here.
Rtam cakravartti 17
past participle of R (to rise, go, meet with, obtain) = proper, right, suitable, brave, honest, respected, fixed order, law.
kalpanA 15
kLp (to be well regulated, be suitable to, be fit for, fall to share, help obtain, bring into connection in, to declare as, to consider) + suffix = fixing, preparing, forming, forming in mind, form, shape, image, mental image.
kalyAnI cakra-varttI 16
kalya [from kal (to impel, accomplish), well, hale, vigorous] + suffix = beautiful, illustriuos, excellent, beneficial, prosperous, fortunate, lucky. For cakravartti, see here.
kAminI-kumAra 13
kAminI [kAma [kam (to love, desire, see here) + suffix = wish, desire, longing, love] + suffix (possessive+feminine) = desirous, longing, wanton, enamoured] + kumAra (son, see here)
kAlikA-prasAda 8
kAlikA [kAli (a goddess, see here) + suffix (diminuitive; no change in meaning)] + prasAda (gift, see here)
kAli-dAsa siddhAnta-vAgIsha 5
worshipper of the goddess kAlI. See here. siddhAnta (doctrine; see here) + vAgIsha (eloquent; see here)
kAlI-pada 10
kAlI (a goddess, see here) + pada [from pad (foot, to fall); step, footstep, foot] = kAli's worshipper.
kAshI-nAtha 7
Lord of kAsi. See here.
kRSNa-deva nyAYAlaGkAra 5
Worshipper of kRSNa, see here. For nyAYAlaGkAra, see here.
keshava-lAla 10
keshava [kesha [said to be from klish (to torment, molest, pain, afflict); hair, mane] + suffix = one with long, plentiful, handsome, hair, epithet of viSNu] + lAla (child, see here).
gaGgesha tarkAlaGkAra 3
gaGgA (name of a holy river; see here) + Isha (master, see here) = epithet of shiva. For tarkAlaGkAra, see here.
govinda 8
kRSNa, see here.
gaurAGga 15
gaura (white; see here) + aGga (body; see here) = epithet of the reformer caitanya.
gaurAGga-lAla 10
gaurAGga (caitanya; see here) + lAla (dear; see here).
gaurI-nAtha 6
Shiva; see here.
gaurI-prasAda 6
gauri (pArvati; see here) + prasAda (gift; see here = by the grace of pArvvatI.
candra-kumAra 12
candra (moon; see here) + kumAra (son; see here).
cinmaYa cakra-varttI 16
cit (to perceive, be attentive, observe, comprehend) + suffix (changed from; made of) = consisting of pure thought. For cakravarttI, see here.
jagannAtha paJcAnana 5
epithet of viSNu; see here. paJcAnana is an epithet of shiva; See here.
jaYItA bhaTTAcAryya 16
jaYa (victory; see here) + suffix. For bhaTTAcAryya, see here.
jIvana 15
Life; see here.
jhanA 16
meaning unknown.
tanmaYa bhaTTAcAryya 16
See here.
tApasI bhaTTAcAryya 16
tapas [tap (to shine, give out heat, consume or destroy by heat, suffer pain, repent, be purified by heat, undergo austerity) + suffix = heat, pain, suffering, austerity] + suffix (possessor+feminine) = ascetic. For bhaTTAcArya, see here.
tArinI-nAtha 8
tAriNI [tRR (to save; see here + suffix (subject+feminine) = saving; an epithet of durgA] + nAtha (lord; see here).
tula-tula bhaTTAcAryya 15
Meaning unknown. For bhattAcAryya, see here.
dIna-nAtha 7
God, see here.
dIpAlI 15
dIpa [dIp (to blaze, shine, burn) + suffix = light, lamp] + suffix = row of lights, name of a festival.
deva-jA gAGgulI 17
deva (god; see here) + jan (to beget; see here) + suffix (object+feminine) = born to God. For gAGulI, see above.
dhIreNa bhaTTAcAryya 14
Probably from dhIrendra [dhIra (wise; see here) + indra (best of; see here)].
nagena 14
Probably from nagendra [naga [na (no) + gam (to go; see here) = mountain] + indra (best of; see here) = epithet of himAlaYa].
nivAraNa 14
ni (down, see here) + vR (restrain, see here) + suffix (subject) = restraining.
padma-locana tarkAlaGkAra 6
padma [etymology unknown, may be related to pad (foot, to fall; see above); lotus, lotus-shaped, red-mark] + locana (eyes; see here) = one with eyes like lotus. For tarkAlaGkAra, see here.
pArvatI-nAtha 8
pArvatI (name of a goddess, see here) + nAtha (lord, see here) = epithet of shiva.
pauSAlI gaGgopAdhyAYa 16
pauSa [puSyA [puS (to be nourished, thrive, prosper) + suffix = nourishment, blossom, best of, name of an asterism of the lunar zodiac] + suffix = time when the moon is there, month when the full moon is there] + suffix = related to pauSa, the newly reaped crops from this month. For gaGgopAdhyAYa, see here.
bula-bula bhaTTAcAryya 15
Meaning unknown; For bhaTTAcAryya, see here.
bhagavAna-candra 8
bhagavAna [bhaga [bhaj (to divide, allot, grant, bestow) + suffix = gracious lord, patron, wealth-bestower Aditya presiding over love and marriage, stars, sun, moon, fortune, happiness, prosperity, beauty, loveliness, love, affection, passion] + suffix = fortunate, prosperous, happy, glorious, divine, holy, god] + candra (moon, beautiful, see here).
bhava-nAtha caTTopAdhyAYa 1
bhava [bhU (to become, see here) + suffix = coming into existence, birth, origin, life, world] + nAtha (lord, see here). For caTTopAdhyAYa, see here.
bhairava-candra 7
bhairava [bhIru [bhI (to fear, be anxious about) + suffix = fearful, cowardly, dreading] + suffix = frightful, terrible, formidable, an epithet of shiva] + candra (beautiful, see here).
mathurA-candra smRti-tIrttha 9
mathurA [related to math (to stir, produce fire by rubbing sticks, rub, churn, mix, mingle, shake, agitate); name of kRSNa's birthplace] + candra (beautiful, see here).
manu 15
man (to perceive, see here) + suffix = thinking, intelligent, man.
manu-lAla 10
manu (man, see here) + lAla (dear, see here).
mAkhana-lAla 10
mAkhana (or mAkhama, butter, see here) + lAlA (dear, see here).
mANika-lAla 10
mANika (jewel, see here) + lala (dear, see here).
mAdhava 3
An epithet of kRSNa, see here
mAnasI bhaTTAcAryya 16
manas (mind, perception, see here) + suffix (related+feminine) = belonging to the mind, expressed or conceived only in the mind. For bhaTTAcAryya, see here.
mAlA 16
garland, see here.
mRtyuJjaYa sArvva-bhauma 6
Overcoming death, see here. For sArvvabhauma, see here.
mRnmaYa cakra-varttI 16
mRd [mRd (to press, squeeze, trample, tread on, destroy, ravage, rub into, mingle) + suffix = earth, soil, clay] + suffix (changed from; made of) = made of mud. For cakravartti, see here.
raghu-deva 3
See here.
ratana-lAla 10
ratan [from ratna (jewel, see here)] + lAla (dear, see here).
ratna-kRSNa 11
ratna (jewel, see here) + kRSNa (name of a god, see here).
ramA-kAnta vAcaSpati 4
ramA (epithet of lakSmI, see here) + kAnta (beloved, see here) = epithet of viSNu. For vAcaSpati, see here.
rAghava 4
An epithet of rAma, see here.
rAma-kishora 10
rAma (a god, see here) + kishora (youth, see here.
rAma-gopAla kavi-rAja cakra-varttI 2
rAma (a god, see here) + gopAla (an epithet of kRSNa, see here). kavi [kU (to sound, cry out, moan, hum) + suffix = singer, poet, insightful, intelligent, thinker, sage] + rAja (king, see here) = king of poets, doctor. For cakravarttI, see here.
rAma-candra 9
See here.
rAmeshvara 6
See here.
rAmeshvara 9
See here.
ruNTu 16
Meaning unknown.
rUpaka mukhopAdhyAYa 16
rUpa (form, beauty, see here) + suffix = having form, figurative. For mukhopAdhyAYa, see here.
rUpasA cakra-varttI 17
Meaning unknown, probably related to rUpa (beauty, see here), name of a river. For cakravarttI, see here.
rauNaka mukhopadhyAYa 17
See here.
lokanAtha 7
loka [or uloka, probably connected with roka [ruc (to shine, be bright, be agreeable) + suffix = brightness] and lok (also connected to ruc above, to see, perceive, recognize) = free or open space, room, free motion, region, country, wide space, world, universe + nAtha (lord, see here) = an epithet of various gods.
viSNu-nAtha 7
viSNu (a god, see here) + nAtha (lord, see here).
sadA-shiva vidyA-vAgIsha 6
always kind, see here. vidya (knowledge, see here) + vAgIsha (eloquent, see here) is a title.
sItA-nAtha tarka-siddhAnta 7
sItA [a complex of words is explained by possibly artificial root sI (to draw a straight line); a furrow, track of ploughshare, furrow personified as a goddess, goddess of agriculture, wife of indra, wife of rAma] + nAtha (lord, see here) = rAma. tarka (debate, see here) + siddhAnta (demonstrated conclusion, see here is a title.
shaGkara 15
An epithet of shiva, see here.
shasha-dhara 9
The moon, see here.
shephAlI bhaTTAcAryya 15
Said to be derived from shephas [probably related to shvi (to swell, see here); male reproductive organ, male egg sac] + ali [from alin [ala [may be related to al (to adorn); sting] + suffix = possessed of a sting, a black bee], a black bee]; name of a flower. For bhaTTAcArya, see here.
saGgItA bhaTTAcAryya 16
See here.
santoSa bhaTTAcAryya 15
Satisfaction, see here. For bhaTTAcAryya, see here.
sukha-dA 14
sukha [sukh (to make happy) is probably a back formation; su (good, see here) + kha [khan (to dig, excavate) + suffix = cavity, hole, aperture, aperture of the human body, wound, hole in the nave of a wheel, vacuity, air, sky] = having good axle hole, running swiftly and easily, easy, pleasant, comfortable, happy, prosperous, ease, comfort; in some meanings may have been confused in prAkRta with sustha [su (good, as above) + sthA (to stand, stay) + suffix = well situated, healthy, prosperous, happy]] + dA (to give, see here) + suffix = one who gives comfort.
sundarI 15
sundara [Though sund (to shine) exists, probably su (good, see here) + nara (man, see here) = beautiful, handsome] + suffix (feminine).
svapana 15
From svapna [svap (to sleep, lie down, be dead) + suffix = sleep, drowsiness, dream] or svapana [svap (to sleep, as above) + suffix = sleeping, numbness].
hara-nAtha 7
See here.
hari-prasAda 7
See here.
hemanta-kumAra 13
hemanta (cold season, see here) + kumAra (youth, see here).

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