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I have been more diligent in including the names of the people who are my blood relations; spouses' names are often omitted. I plan to include them some day (and occasionally do so), but that part is largely incomplete.

Person Index

Important: Before you try to pronounce these names, read the note about the Bengali transliteration used. If you are too impatient, then pronounce them as in English except that G and J (the capitalized ones) stand for a nasal soung like ng, and c is to be pronounced like ch. This way, what you pronounce will possibly be recognizable at least. The pronounciation of y (lower case) is often like j, and the combination kS is like kkh. y, v and m without preceding vowel, r or l duplicate the previous consonant: thus lakSmaNa is pronounced almost lakkhon. I am slowly adding the bengali originals as well; in those cases, I use the standard form of the name when written in English instead of the transliteration mentioned.

Alphabetical (in bengali) listing of all names appearing in the geneology of my father's side, along with their etymology. The parenthesized number gives the generations since veda-garbha. Roughly speaking, this gives an idea of the time someone lived.

Translation between date of birth and generation number. Note that generation time is not realy constant, and hence knowing the generation number gives only a very vague indication of the century someone lived in. Thus, someone with generation number 23 may have been born in late 17th sentury, in 18th or 19th century, or even early 20th century. In our family the lower and upper ends of the ranges are taken rarely, thus generation 23 very likely lived in the 18th century. Also, the information before 15th century is tradition whose veracity is questionable. See my genealogy page for a discussion.
Approximate time of birthGeneration range Approximate time of birthGeneration range Approximate time of birthGeneration range
21st century25-38 20th century23-35 19th century21-31
18th century18-28 17th century16-24 16th century13-21
15th century11-17 14th century 8-14 13th century 6-13
12th century 4-12 11th century 2- 8 10th century 1- 4

In the following I have tried to give the meanings of the names. Most of them are derived from saMskRta (which I use loosely to include the vedic dialects as well) and can often still be used in Bengali as words in their own right. The pronounciation of a few change when used as words instead of names. The order of meanings is meant to indicate a possible evolution of the sense, so the most common meaning, and often the only one in use in Bengali, is likely the last in the list, not the first one. Thus, for example, even though the list will say ‘shoka (shine,flame,burn,heat,sorrow)’, very few people will recognize ‘shine’ as a meaning of ‘shoka’, though they will probably recognize it in the related word ‘shukti (pearl oyster)’. Nevertheless, early uses in the vedas or closely related early words do attest to the meanings listed. Of course, not all meanings of each of the words is listed, only those that have obvious relation. Obviously, writing these notes takes a lot of time, so I have no idea when I will finish this.

Apart from last names that appear through marriage (Aica [evolved form of saMskRta Aditya (son of aditi [a (not) + dA (to bind) + suffix (subject) = not bound, infinite, one of the earliest important goddesses in the hindu pantheon] = name of gods, sun)], ghaTaka [ghaT (to be busy with, to be intently occupied with, to strive, to exert for, to reach, to fall to the share of, to take effect, to suit, to be united with, to bring together, to join) + suffix = accomplishing, procuring, match-maker], caTTopAdhyAYa [catta (meaning and etymology unknown; used as a name) + upadhyAYa [upa (towards, near to, by the side of, with, under) + adhi (above, besides) + i (to walk, flow, blow, advance, arise from, reach, undertake) + suffix = teacher], mukhopAdhyAya [mukha (mouth, face, introduction, beginning) + upAdhyAYa (teacher, see above)], vandyopAdhyAYa [vandya [vand (to praise, salute respectfully) + suffix = praiseworthy, venerable] + upAdhyAYa (teacher, see above)], rAYa [from saMskRta rAjan [rAj (to reign, to shine) + suffix = ruler]], rAYa-caudhuri [rAYa is from saMskRta rAjan (ruler, see above) + caudhurI is from saMskRta caturdhurINa [catur (four) + dhurINa [dhR (hold, bear) + suffix (subject) = fit to be harnessed, charged with, leader] = charged with four directions].], the family has used two major last names: bhaTTAcAryya [bhaTTa [maybe related to bhaT (to hire, nourish) or to bhartR [bhR (to bear, carry, convey, hold, wear, possess) + suffix = bearer, preserver, protector, chief, master]; lord, prince, also used as name] + AcAryya [AcAra [A (near, towards) + car (to move, go, walk, move, wander spread, behave, live, treat) + suffix = custom] + suffix = teacher, used as a name] = used as name, one story goes that this was originally give to those scholars who understood the books by kumArila bhaTTa and AcAryya dikSita], cakra-varttI [cakra [related to car (move, see above) or kR (to do, make, perform, manufacture) or kram (to approach for assistance, go over); wheel] + vRt (to roll) + suffix (subject) = one who rolls everywhere, one whose chariot's wheels rolls everywhere, emperor], and sharmmA [nominative singular of sharman [from shri (to cause to rest on, fasten to, turn towards, diffuse over, lean on, cling to, approach, resort to, attain) shelter, safety, house, bliss, happiness, epithet of brahmins]. Both these start being used in generation numbers 20-21, i.e. in about the 17th century; even after that, it is not clear how common the use of last names were. In the 20th century, they were surely used, but I have usually dropped them in this list. Note that terms like cUD.A-maNi [cuD.a (stupid, protruberance on a sacrificial brick, the hair on top of the head, the crest of a cock or peacock, the head) + maNi (jewel, see below) = jewel worn on head, best], tarka-bhUSaNa [tarka [tark (conjecture, infer, consider, recollect) + suffix = conjecture, reasoning, inquiry, philosophy, debate] + bhUSaNa [bhuS (to strive after, be intent on, to adorn) + suffix = decorating, adornment, ornament]], tarka-vAgIsha [tarka (debate, see above) + vAgIsha [vAc [vac (to speak, say, utter, announce, recite, describe) + suffix = speech, voice, language, sound] + Isha [Ish (to own, possess) + suffix = possessor, master] = poet, eloquent] = eloquent in debate], tarkAlaGkAra [tarka (debate, see above) + alaGkAra [alaGkR [alam [enough, ready; the root al, see below, instead of its source may be a back formation; probably related to aram [ara [R (to go, move, rise, tend upwards, excite, raise) + suffix = swift, speedy, spoke of a wheel] + suffix = readily, fitly, suitably, for a reason, enough, sufficiently]] + kR (to do, make) = to make ready, to decorate] + suffix (subject) = something that decorates, ornament]], nyAYa-paJcAnana [nyAYa [ni (down, back, in, into, within) + i (to walk, flow, blow, advance, arise from, reach, undertake) + suffix = what one goes back to, original type, rule, syllogism] + paJcAnana (see below; fierce, passionate, name of the destroyer among the hindu trinity: shiva known for his mastery of love and music, greatest)], nyAYa-vAgIsha [nyAYa (syllogism, see above) + vAgIsha (eloquent, see above)], nyAYAlaGkAra [nyAYa (syllogism, see above) + alaGkAra (ornament, see above)], vAcaSpati [vAcas (of speech, see vAc above) + pati [pat (to be master, reign, rule, possess) + suffix = lord, husband] = lord of speech, epithet of various gods], vidyA-bhUSaNa [vidyA [vid (to know, understand, perceive, learn, be acquainted with, notice, remember) + suffix = knowledge] + bhUSaNa (ornament, see above)], vidyAlaGkAra [vidyA (knowledge, see above) + alaGkAra (ornament, see above)], shiro-maNi [shiras [etymology unclear; probably connected to karaGka (skull, bone); head, skull] + maNi (jewel, see below)], sArvva-bhauma [sarvvabhUmi [sarvva [maybe connected with sAra [sR (run, flow, speed, glide, move, go, pursue)+ suffix = course, motion, stretching out, extention]; whole, entire, all] + bhUmi [probably related to bhU (to become, be, arise, exist, live); land]] + suffix (owner) = lord of the whole world, king], siddhAnta [siddha [sidh (to be accomplished, to succeed, to attain an end) + suffix = established] + anta (end, limit, boundary) = aim, demonstrated conclusion, doctrine, dogma], smRti-cUD.A-maNi [smRti [smR (to remmeber, think of) + suffix = memory] + cUD.AmaNi (head jewel, best, see above)], and smRti-ratna [smRti (memory, see above) + ratna [rA (to grant, give, yield, surrender) + suffix = gift, present, goods, wealth, jewel]], that appear at the end of people's names are not surnames, they are more like academic degrees or symbolic of academic achivement rather than last names. Same was true once of the bhaTTAcAryya as well, and cakra-varttI was a royal title, but at some point they became hereditary: I do not know when they started being used as last names instead of as titles.


akhila cUD.A-maNi (28)
a (not) + khila (gap, fallow land) = whole, the entire world. cUD.AmaNi = best, see above.
akhila smRti-ratna (28)
whole, the entire world, see above. smRtiratna = one who has excellent memory, see above.
aGkita sharmmA (31)
past participle of aGk (to move in a curve, mark): marked (esp. with an auspicious sign), branded, counted, calculated. For sharmma see above.
ajita (32)
a (not) + jita (conquered) = unvanquished.
atula (30)
a (not) + tul (raise, weigh, compare) + suffix (subject) = one without comparison, best.
ananta (29)
an (not) + anta (end) = limitless, unbounded.
anila (31)
an (to breathe, live, move, go) + suffix (object) = that which one breathes, air.
anukUla (29)
anu (along, following) + kUla (impediment, slope, bank) = along the bank, according to current, favorable.
anukUla (30)
favourable, see above.
anukUla (30)
favourable, see above.
annadA (30)
anna [ad (to eat) + suffix (object) = food] + dA (to give) + suffix (subject, feminine) = one who gives food, name of the goddess of power: durgA, often identified with pArvatI.
aparnA Aica (30)
a (not) + parNa [related to pRR (to fill with air, see below), maybe from a lost pR/spR; parN (to be green) is probably a back formation; feather, leaf] + suffix (feminine) = leafless, one who does not even eat leaves during austerities, name of goddess of power: durgA, name of wife pArvatI of destroyer amongst hindu trinity. For Aica, see above.
amara rAYa-caudhurI (32)
a (not) + mR (to die) + suffix (subject) = immortal. For rAYacaudhurI, see above.
amUlya (30)
a (not) + mUlya (being at the root, original value, price) = priceless.
amUlya (31)
priceless, see above.
ambikA-caraNa (28)
ambikA [ambA (mother) + suffix = mother, epithet of a variety of goddesses including pArvvatI who is wife of the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity) + caraNa (that which allows movement, foot) = (refuge at) the feet of pArvvatI.
alaka (31)
etymology unclear: curl, lock of hair, a girl between eight and ten years of age, inhabitant of the residence of the mythological wealthy character kubera where also resides shiva the destroyer.
ashoka (31)
a (not) + shoka [shuc (to shine, flame, gleam, glow, burn, suffer a burn, be sorrowful, bewail, regret, to meditate, to be bright and pure, to decay, to stink) + suffix = shine, flame, burn, heat, sorrow] = one who does not give pain, one who does not feel pain.
asIma (31)
a (not) + sIman (a straight line, parting of hair, boundary, horizon) = unlimited, infinite.
Ananda (28)
A (near, towards, fully) + nand (to rejoice) + suffix = rejoicing, happiness.
AnandirAma (25)
Anandin (as Ananda, see above; rejoicing, happiness) + rAma [from ram (to please, see below); causing rest, black, dark, pleasing, name of one of the most important incarnations of the protector viSNu amongst the trinity] = someone who takes pleasure in rAma, worshipper of rAma.
Aloka bhaTTAcAryya (27)
A (near, towards, fully) + lok (to see, behold, perceive) + suffix = looking, seeing, light. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
Ashisa rAYa-caudhurI
Evolved from Ashis (prayer, wish, benediction). Also, incorrectly, spelt as AshISa. For rAYa-caudhurI, see above.
Ishvara (28)
Isha (to own, possess, see above) + suffix = owner, capable, master, god, often the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity.
IshAna cakra-varttI (28)
owner, wealthy, ruler, name of the destroyer shiva amongs the trinity, name of the protector viSNu amongst the trinity. For cakravartti, see above.
uda (11)
meaning unclear in the context. It probably derives from uda (flowing, water), rather than from udra (living in water = crab, otter).
umA-shaGkara (28)
umA (exact derivation unclear but related to weaving, flax, rays of light, turmeric, name of daughter pArvvatI of himavat and wife of the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity; the name was explained by kAlidAsa as arising from u (oh) + mA (not) = ‘oh, please desist from austerities’ which her mother used to tell her) + shaGkara [sham (verb meaning to toil at ritual, fatigue from ritual, finish, stop, rest, be quiet, be calm, be satisfied, be contented; adverb meaning auspiciously, fortunately, happily, well) + kR (do) + suffix (subject) = one who causes prosperity, name of the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity] = shiva and wife pArvvatI worshipped together.
kamala vandyopAdhyAYa (31)
kam (to love, desire) + suffix = desired, pale red, orange, lotus, wealth; also explained as kam (definitely, well, head, food, water, happiness) + al (to adorn, be competent; see above) + suffix = lotus, goddess lakSmI of wealth sitting on the lotus. For vandyopAdhyAYa, see above.
kamalA-kaanta (25)
kamalA [kamala (lotus, wealth, see above) + suffix (feminine) = name of goddess of wealth lakSmI who sits on a lotus] + kAnta [kam (to love, desire) + suffix = desired, loved] = epithet of the protector viSNu amongs the trinity.
kAnti (31)
desire, wish, loveliness, beauty.
kArttika (30)
kRttikA (probably something that cuts, name of the constellation represented as a kind of razor consisting of the six stars of pleiadis mythologized as nymphs eho nursed the god kArttikeya of war) + suffix (son) = month when full moon is in pleadis, the god of war also called skanda who is son of shiva and durgA, young man.
kArttika (30)
god of war, young man, see above.
kAlAcÃda (30)
kAlA from saMskRta kAla (doubtful etymology; dark colour, black, epthet of kRSNa who is an incarnation of viSNu) + cÃda from saMskRta candra (glittering, having the colour or brilliance of light as an epithet for god or water, moon, the most excellent amongst, beautiful) = epithet of kRSNa who is an incarnation of viSNu.
kAli-dAsa (27)
kAlI [kAla (black) + suffix (feminine) = goddess of destruction, also identified as durgA] + dAsa (one who hurts, fiend, demon, savage, infidel, slave, servant) = servant or worshipper of kAlI.
kAlI-kumAra (28)
kAlI (a goddess, see above) + kumAra [doubtful etymology; might have something to do with dying easily or wished for, child, boy, youth] = son of kAlI, epithet of the god kArttika of war.
kAlI-kumAra (30)
son of kAlI, god of war, see above
kAlI-caraNa (24)
kAlI (name of goddess, see above) + caraNa (feet, see above) = (refuge at) kAlI's feet.
kAlI-caraNa (25)
kAlI's feet (see above).
kAlI-caraNa (27)
kAlI's feet (see above).
kAlI-prasanna (28)
kAlI (name of goddess, see above) + prasanna [pra-sad [pra (forward, in front, on, forth, excessively) + sad (to sit down, to sink down, to despair) = meaning to fall into power of, to settle down, to grow clear and bright, to become distinct, to become satisfied or pleased, to be gracious] + suffix = clear, bright, pure, distinct, true, right, correct, placid, tranquil, soothed, pleased, gracious) = by the grace of kAlI.
kAlI-prasanna (29)
By the grace of kAlI (see above).
kAlI-prasanna (30)
By the grace of kAlI (see above).
kAlI-prasAda (29)
kAlI (a goddess, see above) + prasAda (from same root as prasanna, clearness, brightness, purity, calmness, graciousness, kindness, favour, aid, free gift, remnants of food presented to idol or teacher) = by the grace of kAlI.
kAlI-mohana (29)
kAlI (a goddess, see above) + mohana (depriving of consciousness, bewildering, infatuating, pleasing) = lover of kAlI.
kAsha cakravarttI (23)
becoming visible, a kind of grass personified with kusha as an attendant of god yama of death, name of a mythological prince who was son of suhotra and father of kAshirAja. For cakravarttI, see above.
kAshI (28)
coud be be from kAshi (becoming visible, bright, name of a mythological character who became ruler of kAshI), name of a holy town.
kAshI-candra (27)
kAshi (name of a town, see above) + candra (moon, best, beautiful, see above).
kAshI-nAtha tarka-bhUSaNa (26)
kAshi (name of a town, see above) + nAtha (refuge, help, protector, owner, lord). For tarka-bhUSaNa, see above.
kRshANu anIka rAYa (32)
kRshANu more common, but also spelt kRSAnu which seems etymologically coorect from kRS (to draw, drag, tear, lead, bend, overpower, drag making furrows, plough): drawing, bending the bow, an archer, name of the mythological character who protects soma, name of agni, fire. anIka: from an (see above) face, appearance, splendour, edge, point, front, row, array, march, army, war. For rAYa, see above.
kRSNa-kiGkana sArvvabhauma (26)
kRSNa (etymology unclear; means black, dark, dark blue, name of a Angirasa poet of the Rg veda, name of one of the most important incarnations of protector viSNu amongst the trinity) + kiGkana (from kiGkara? [kim (question, what kind of, bad) + kR (to do) + suffix (subject) = slave]) = worshipper of kRSNa. For sArvvabhauma, here.
kRSNa-candra (23)
kRSNa (black, a god, see above) + candra (moon, best, beautiful, see above)
kRSNa-dAsa (19)K
kRSNa (a god, see above) + dasa (servant, see above) = worshipper of kRSNa.
kRSNa-dAsa nyAYa-vAgIsha (21)
worshipper of kRSNa, see above. For nyAYa-vAgIsha, see above.
kRSNa-dAsa (24)
worshipper of kRSNa, see above
kRSNa-dAsa (24)
worshipper of kRSNa, see above
kRSNa-dAsa (25)
worshipper of kRSNa, see above
kRSNa-dAsa (27)
worshipper of kRSNa, see above
kRSNa-deva nyAYa-vAgIsha (21)
kRSNa (a god, see above) + deva [div [div/dIv (two meanings which look unrelated; to cast, throw, gamble, wager, play, joke, trifle, have free scope, spread, increase, praise, rejoice, be drunk, sleep, wish; to shine, be bright) + suffix = day, bright, heavens, fire] + suffix = heavenly, bright, god] = one whose god is kRSNa, worshipper of krSNA. For nyAYa-vAgIsha, see above.
kRSNa-deva nyAYa-vAgIsha (24)
see above
kRSNa-dvaipAYana (31)
kRSNa (black, see above) + dvaipAYana [dvIpa [dvi (two) + ap (water) = surrounded by water on two sides = island, peninsula, sandbank] + suffix (son of) = born on an island; epithet of vyAsa who is supposed to be the one who split the vedas into their current form and who is supposed to have written the mahAbhArata] = black islander, epither of vyAsa.
kRSNa-nAtha (24)
kRSNa (a god, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above) = one whose lord is kRSNa, worshipper of kRSNa.
kRSNa-bhadra (26)
kRSNa (a god, see above) + bhadra (greeted with praise, blessed, auspicious, fortunate, prosperous, happy, friendly, kind, beautiful, skillful, epithet of various gods and other supernatural entities) = blessed by kRSNa.
kRSNa-mohana (27)
kRSNa (a god, see above) + mohana (infatuating, see above) = lover of kRSNa.
kRSNa-rAma nyAYAlaGkAra (22)
kRSNa (a god, see above) + rAma (a god, see above) = kRSNa and rAma. For nyAYAlaGkAra, see above.
kedAra-nAtha (27)
kedAra [possibly from ka (epithet of various gods, bright, shining, water) + dAra (tearing up, rending, rent, cleft, hole) = field or meadow especially under water, basin of water around root of tree, mountain, name of a specific mountain] + nAtha (lord, see above) = lord of kedAra, an epithet of the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity whose home is said to be in kedAra.
KedAreshvara (29)
kedAra (name of a mountain, see above) + Ishvara (master, see above) = an epithet of shiva, see above.
KeSTa (31)
evolved from kRSNa, name of a god.
KomalAGga (4)
komala [etymology unclear, probably from ku (how, bad) + mlai (fade); tender, soft, bland, sweet, pleasing] + aGga [related to root meaning to be sick, to be dangerous, to fix, to render firm, to serve or honour, to go towards; a limb of the body, the body, a part or subdivision] = one with tender body.
khushI (30)
Also spelt khushi, happy, from a fArsI word.
gagana (29)
Maybe related to root meaning count; Atmosphere, sky, firmament.
gaGgA-dhara (23)
gaGgA (swift-goer, name of a holy river) + dhR (to hold, to bear, to carry) + suffix (subject) = one who holds the gaGgA, epithet of the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity.
gaGgA-nArAYaNa (24)
gaGgA (name of a holy river, see above) + nArAYaNa [nara (originally maybe a form nR which means the same; man, hero, person, mankind, male, husband) + suffix (son of) = son of the first man, epithet of brahma and a number of other gods, name of the protector viSNu amongst the trinity.]
gaGgA-rAma (23)
gaGgA (name of a holy river, see above) + rAma (a god, see above)
gaGgA-sAgara (27)
gaGgA (name of a holy river, see above) + sAgara [sagara [a number of separate words; sa [related to saha [may be related to of sadha = sa [related to saM (with, together with) or sama [even, smooth, flat, parallel, any, every, same, equal; related to samAna (or else this is from sa + mAna [mA (to measure, mark off, to correspond in measure) + suffix = measure]; equal]; conjunction, union, thoroughness] + dhA (to put, place) = equally placed, together with]; with] + gR (to moisten) + suffix = with moisture, atmosphere; sa + gRR (to call out, to announce, to mention with praise) + suffix = with praise; sa + gRR (to eat, to swallow) + suffix = poisonous; name of some gods and myhtological kings] + suffix = ocean] = name of the holy spot where the gaGgA enters the sea.
gAu shiva-nAmA (18)
gAu (unknown meaning). shiva [from root shI (to lie, to recline, to repose) or from shvi/shU (to swell, grow; as in child growing in womb) = dear, friendly, benevolent, propitious, auspicious, name of the destroyer amongst the trinity] + nAman [etymology unclear; maybe related to jJA (to know, become aquainted with) or man/mnA (to think, to believe); characteristic mark, name] + suffix.
gunendra bhaTTAcAryya (29)
guNa [grabh/grah (to seize, take, pluck) + suffix = rope, string, thread, single strand, multiplier, species or kind, subsidiary element, attributes of the elements (e.g. sound for ether; tangiblity and sound for air; shape and colour for fire; flavour, shape, tangiblity and sound for water; and all the preceding and smell for eath), attributes of all living beings (i.e. sattva, rajas, tamas), a property of created things, quality, good quality, virtue, merit, excellence] + indra [probably connected with inv (to advance upon, drive, to infuse strength, to gladden, to force, to drive away, to take possession of, to be lord or master) and ind/und [to drop; the claimed meaning to be powerful is unattested except in grammatical texts; origin of the word indu (a drop, a drop of soma, a bright drop, the moon, a point)]; subduer, conqueror, name of the god of atmosphere and sky and rain who is the king of gods, supreme being, best of] = having excellent qualities. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
guru-caraNa shiro-maNi (28)
guru (heavy, weighty, violent, difficult, important, momentous, valuable, proud, respectable, preceptor, teacher) + caraNa (feet, see above) = (refuge at) the teacher's feet.
gopAla (29)
go (cattle) + pAla [pA (to protect) + causative + suffix = guard] = cowherd, king (earth is the milk giving cow of the kings), epithet of the god kRSNa.
gopAla (29)
Epithet of god kRSNa (see above)
gopAla-candra (27)
gopAla (Epithet of god kRSNa, see above) + candra (moon, beautiful, see above).
gopI-kAnta (26)
gopI [go (cattle) + pA (to protect) + suffix(subject, feminine) = cowherd, milkmaid] + kAnta (desired, loved, see above) = lover of the milmaids, an epthet of god kRSNa.
gopI-nAtha cakra-varttI (20)
gopI (milkmaid, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above) = an epithet of god kRSNa. For cakravarttI, see above.
gopI-nAtha tarka-vAgIsha (26)
an epithet of kRSNa, see above. For tarkavAgIsha, see above.
gopI-nAtha (28)
an epithet of kRSNa, see above.
govinda (13)
go (cattle) + vid (to know, to discover, to obtain, to acquire, to possess) + suffix = acquirer of cattle, epithet of kRSNa. Has also been explained as a form of gopendra [gopa [go (cow) + pA (to protect) + suffix (subject) = cowherd] + indra (best of, see above) = chief amongs the cowherds, and epithet of kRSNa].
govinda (24)
An epithet of kRSNa, see above.
govinda (28)
An epithet of kRSNa, see above.
govinda (28)
An epithet of kRSNa, see above.
gautama Aica (31)
gotama [go (ox, cattle) + suffix (most) = the largest amongst the oxen, the most valuable, name of one of the Rshis (poets) in the Rgveda, name of a disciple of mahAvIra, name of a few other Rshis and other important personages] + suffix (son of) = descendant of gotama, name of number of important personages including buddha. For Aica, see above.
gaurI-nAtha tarka-vAgIsha(27)
gaurI [gaura (shining, brilliant, yellowish, buffalo, white) + suffix (feminine) = white, epithet of pArvatI] + nAtha (lord, see above) = husband of pArvatI, an epithet of shiva. For tarkavAgIsha, see above.
candra-kAnta (31)
candra (moon, see above) + kAnta (desired, loved, see above) = lovely as the moon, loved by the moon, name of a jewel.
candra-kumAra (31)
candra (moon, see above) + kumAra (son, see above) = son of the moon.
candra-shekhara (24)
candra (moon, see above) + shekhara [shikhara [shikhA [shi (two separate words; to grant, to bestow; to sharpen) + suffix = a tuft of hair, a crest] + suffix = pointed, crested, peak] + suffix = the top or the crown of the head] = one who has moon on the head, epithet of shiva, name of a number of historical and mythological characters.
candra-shekhara vAcaSpati (24)
epithet of shiva, see above. For vAcaSpati, see above.
cÃda bhaTTAcAryya (23)
Moon, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
cunI gopAla bhaTTAcAryya (30)
Also spelt cuni, from Hindi cunnI from saMskRta shoNI [shoN (to become red) + suffix], a kind of jewel. For gopAla, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
chakAi (23)
meaning unknown.
jagadIsha (31)
jagat (moving, movable, people, people and animals, the world) + Isha (possessor, master, see above) = lord of the world, god.
jagannAtha (22)
jagat (world, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above) = lord of the world, a form of viSNu.
jagannAtha (31)
name of a god, see above.
janamejaYa (17)
janam [accusative of jana [jan (to generate, to beget) + suffix = generating, creature, living being, man, person, race, people]] + ej (to stir, to move, to tremble, to shake) + suffix (causative) + suffix (subject) = one who causes men to shake, name of a mythological king.
janArddana vidyAlaGkAra (25)
jana (people, see above) + ard (to move, to be moved, to be scatterred, to agitate, to distress, to hurt) + suffix (subject) = one who agitates people, epithet of viSNu. For vidyAlaGkAra, see above.
janArddana (31)
an epithet of viSNu, see above.
jaYa ghaTaka (33)
conquest. For ghaTaka, see above.
jaYa-kRSNa (23)
jaYa (winning, conquest) + kRSNa (name of a god, see above).
jaYa-deva (24)
jaYa (winning, conquest) + deva (god, see above) = name of a poet.
jaYa-nArAYaNa (25)
jaYa (winning, conquest) + nArAYaNa (an epithet of viSNu, see above).
jaYanta (31)
victorious, name of various mythological characters, birth moment of kRSNa.
jaYa-rAma cakra-varttI (21)
jaYa (winning, conquest) + rAma (a god, see above). For cakravarttI, see above.
jIvana (30)
jIv (to live, be, restore to life, nourish) + suffix = vivifying, life.
ThAkura (32)
evolved from late saMskRta Thakkura (object of reverence, god, chief, man of rank) of unknown origin.
tanmaYa bhaTTAcAryya (31)
tad (that) + suffix = made up of that, absorbed in or identical with that, someone who is concentrating. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
tAraka (29)
tRR (to pass across or over, sail across, surpass, overcome, subdue, esape, float, save) + suffix (subject) = carrying across, rescuing, liberating, boatman, saviour.
tilaka-candra vidyA-bhUSaNa (27)
tilaka [from tila [related to root til (to annoint) but otherwise unknown in origin; sesame, sesame seed]; freckle like a sesame seed, skin eruption, mark on the forehead] + candra (moon, see above) = one for whom the moon is a mark on the forehead, epithet of shiva. For vidyAbhUSaNa, see above.
darpa-nArAYaNa (25)
darpa [from dRp (to be mad or foolish, to rave, to be extravagant or wild, to be arrogant or proud) + suffix = pride, arrogance] + nArAYaNa (name of a god, see above).
dAmodara (15)
dAman [dA (to bind) + suffix = string, cord, rope, fetter, wreath] + udara [related to dRR (to burst, break asunder, split open, rend) or ud (see above) + R (see above); bowels, belly, abdomen, stomach, cavity, hollow] = one with rope around the waist, an epithet of kRSna.
dIna-nAtha (29)
dIna [dI (decay, perish) + suffix = scarce, scanty, depressed, affected, timid, sad, miserable, wretched] + nAtha (lord, see above) = lord of the poor, god.
dIna-bandhu (29)
dIna (wretched, see above) + bandhu [bandh (to bind, tie, fetter, catch, hold captive, join, unite) + suffix = connection, relation, association, kinship, kindred] = relative of the poor, god.
durgA-caraNa (28)
durgA [dur/dus [may be related to duS (to become bad or corrupted, to be defiled or impure, to be ruined, perish, to sin, to commit a fault, to be wrong); means evil, bad, difficult, hard] + gam (to go, to go towards) + suffix (object, feminine) = difficult to approach or access, name of a goddess] + caraNa (feet, see above) = (refuge at) durga's feet.
devatoSa (30)
deva (god, see above) + tuS (to become calm, to be satidfied, to be pleased, to satisfy, to please) + suffix = by or for the pleasure of god.
devAshisa rAYa-caudhurI (32)
deva (god, see above) + Ashisa/AshISa (benediction, see above) = by the grace of god. For rAYacaudhurI, see above.
devI-caraNa (28)
devI [deva (god, see above) + suffix (feminine) = goddess] + carana (feet, see above) = (refuge at) the feet of the goddess.
devendra (29)
deva (god, see above) + indra (best of, see above) = best amongst the gods.
dulAla vandyopAdhyAYa (31)
etymology unknown; related to hindi dulAr (love, loved) means an adorable son. For vandyopAdhyAYa, see above.
dolu (31)
meaning unknown, it is the shortened form of something
dhana (10)
dhan (to cause to run) + suffix = reason for running (match), prize, booty, valued object, wealth, movable property, money, treasure.
dhanaai (23)
meaning unknown.
nakula (29)
etymology unclear; claimed to be from na (not) + kula (a herd, troop, assemblage, race, family, community, tribe); early usage referring to a colour (of a mongoose?) and to a mongoose; the name is very old referring to vedic poets and mythological characters.
nanI gopAla bhaTTAcAryya (30)
Also nani. From samskRta navanI/navanIta [nava [probably related to nu (now, still, just, at once, indeed, certainly); new, fresh, young, recent, modern] + nIta [etymology unclear; probably related to tIv/nIv/pIv/pI [to be fat, related to pyai (to overflow, to fill)]] = freshly made butter, soft]. For gopAla, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
nandarAma (23) ??????
nanda (joy, delight, happiness, name of a mythological character) + rAma (pleasing, see above) = pleasing to nanda, possibly an epithet of kRSNa.
nandarAma (24)
see above
nanda-kishora (24)
nanda (name of a character, see above) + kishora (etymology unclear; a colt, a youth) = son of nanda, epithet of kRSNa.
nalinI (29)
Ultimately from nala [may be related to nal (to bind, to smell); species of reed, a kind of perfume or red arsenic, lotus flower]; maybe through nalIna [like a reed in having a hollow stalk, lotus]; lotus.
nava-kumAra (26)
nava (new, see above) + kumAra (son, see above).
nava-kRSNa (28)
nava (new, see above) + kRSNa (name of a god, see above) = young kRSNa?.
nava-kRSNa (28)
see above.
nikuJja (30)
ni (down, back, in, into, within) + kuJja [kuJj [probably related to kUj (to make inarticulate or monotonous sound, sound of birds); to murmur] + suffix = place overrun with plants or creepers] = thicket, a space surrounded by creepers.
nimAi (24)
Probably from nima [evolved from nimba (etymology unclear, name of a bitter fruit or the tree, bitter)] + suffix = someone so bitter that even death won't take him.
niraJjana (30)
nir/nis (out, forth, away, without, free from) + aJjana [aJj (to apply an ointment or pigment, anoint, decorate, honour, celebrate, make clear) + suffix] = unpainted, spotless, pure, simple, emotionless, epithet of shiva.
niYati vandyopAdhyAYa (31)
niYam [ni (down, back, in, into, within) + yam (to sustain, hold up, raise, extend, stretch out, hold back) = hold back, detain, stop, stay, remain, to bring near, to bestow, to hold in, to keep down, to restrain, to control, to govern, to regulate] + suffix = held back, tied to, put together, restriction, the fixed order of things, necessity, destiny, fate. For vandyopAdhyAYa, see above.
nishi-kAnta (31)
nishi [nish [etymology unclear; maybe related to nak/nakta which means the same; probably not related to shI (to lie down, rest, sleep, go to bed with); night] + suffix (locative) = at night] + kAnta (desired, loved, see above) = moon?
netya (30)
shortened form of something; probably evolved from a word beginning with nitya [possibly from ni (down, back, in, into); innate, native, own, continual, perpetual, eternal] or from a word beginning with nRtya (dance, acting).
? paJcAnana (24)
paJcan [traditionally derived from pac/paJc (to spread); amount of spread palm i.e. five] + Anana [Ana [an (to breathe, gasp, live) + suffix = nose, face] + suffix = face, mouth] = five-faced, fierce, epithet of shiva.
pavitra (30)
pU (to clean, to purify, to sift, to discriminate, to think out, to purify oneself, to become clear, to become bright) + suffix = means of purification, filter, strainer, pure, holy, sacred.
pArvvati (28)
parvata [Etymology unclear; maybe related to parvan [etymology unclear; parv/pUrv/marv related to pRR (to be complete, see below); knot, joint, limb, member, break, pause, division, a period of fixed time, the moment of sun's entering a new sign, a festival, holiday]; mountain] + suffix (son of, feminine) = daughter of the mountain, mountain stream, epithet of the the goddess wife of shiva.
pItAmbara (26)
pIta [pi/pI/pIv [related to pyai(to overflow, to fill); to swell, overflow, be exuberant, grow, fatten] + suffix = colour of butter?, yellow] + ambara [etymology unclear; amb is to go or to sound; circumference, compass, neighbourhood, clothes, cotton, sky, atmosphere] = dressed in yellow clothes, dancer or actor, holy man, epithet of kRSNa.
puruSottama (18)
puruSa [maybe related to pRR (to be complete, see below); man, male, human being, person, primeaval man] + uttama [ud [maybe related to root ud (to flow out, to wet); out, from, apart, up, over, above] + suffix (superlative) = uppermost, highest, chief, first, best] = best of men, best of servants, the supreme being, epithet of viSNu.
pUrNa (29)
Related to pRR (to fill one's self, to blow into, to sate, to bestow, to fulfill, to satisfy, to be complete, to fill, to cover completely); filled, full.
pRthvI-dhara (16)
pRthvI [pRthu [pRth/prath (to spread, extend, become larger, to spread abroad) + suffix = wide, spacious, large, manifold, a mythological character] + suffix (feminine) = broad and extended one, the earth] + dhR [to hold, bear, carry, maintain, possess, use] = one who holds the world.
prasanna (28)
pleased, see above
prANa-nAtha (25)
prANa [pra (forward, in front, on, forth, excessively) + an (to breathe, gasp, live) + suffix = the breath of life, spirit, vitality, life] + nAtha (lord, see above) = lord of life, husband, lover, epithet of the god of death.
prItama Aica (31)
Probably related to priYatama [from priya [beloved, see below] + superlative suffix = most loved]. For Aica, see above.
preraNA Aica (32)
prer/preraYa [prer [pra (forward, in front, on, forth, excessively) + Ir (to go, move, rise, retire, agitate, elevate, excite, bring to life) = move, come forth, arise, appear] + suffix (causative) = to cause to move, push on, drive forward, urge, to raise the voice, pronounce] + suffix = driving out, setting in motion, urging, inciting, direction, impelling, motivation. For Aica, see above.
phaNI gopAla bhaTTAcAryya (30)
phaNa/phaNA [phaN (to bound, to skim, to go, to move) + suffix = scum, froth, nostril, broad side of nose, expanded hood of a serpent] + suffix = serpent. For gopAla, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
bala-rAma (22)
bala [bal (to live, breathe, hurt, nourish) + suffix = vigour, force, power, strength] + rAma (pleasing, see above) = name of kRSNa's older brother, an incarnation of viSNu.
bala-rAma tarka-bhUSaNa (25)
see above. For tarkabhUSaNa, see above
bala-rAma (28)
see above.
bAu mukunda-paNDita (18)
bAu meaning unknown. mukunda [etymology unknown; explained as muku (freedom) + dA (to give) + suffix = epithet of viSNu] + paNDita [ paNDA (etymology unclear; wisdom, knowledge, learning) + suffix = learned, wise, shrewd, clever, conversant with, scholar, learned man, teacher, philosopher]
bobaa (28)
etymology unknown; dumb mute.
bharata (25)
bhR [to bear, carry, hold, contain, possess, support, bring, offer, fill] + suffix = to be or being maintained (epithet of god agni of fire), name of the legendary monarch of India.
maNi gopAla bhaTTAcAryya (30)
jewel, gem, pearl, ornament, the fleshy part of a goat's neck, the hump (of a camel). For gopAla, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
maNi-candra (29)
maNi (jewel, see above) + candra (moon, best, see above).
mati-lAla (28)
mati [man (to think, meditate upon, perceive, comprehend, see below) + suffix = devotion, prayer, worship, sacred utterance, thought, design, intention, desire, intelligence] + lAla [etymology unknown; related to lal=laD (to play, sport, loll the tongue) and to a root for ‘red’ found in many north Indian languages and fArsI lAl (lotus coloured); rearing, child].
madana-mohana (29)
madana [mada [mad (to rejoice, to be drunk, to enjoy heavenly bliss, to boil, to bubble, to gladden, to animate, to inspire; related indo-european words seem to have as original meaning to be moist) + suffix = hilarity, rapture, excitement, inspiration, intoxication, ardent passion, sexual desire] + suffix = passion, love, spring, bee, god of love] + mohana (infatuating, see above).
madhu-sUdana (23)
madhu (sweet, delicious, pleasant, charming, intoxicating, the soma juice, honey, milk, milk product, nectar, name of a demon) + sUdana [sUd [maybe related to svad (taste well, cook); to keep in order, manage, prepare, contrive, settle, put an end to, kill] + suffix = putting in order, guiding, killing] = killer of the demon madhu, epithet of kRSNa.
madhu-sUdana (28)
epithet of kRSNa, see above.
manoraJjana (30)
manas [man (to think, believe, imagine, hope, meditate upon, perceieve, comprehend) + suffix = mind, intellect, perception, sense] + raJjana [raJj (to be coloured, to redden,to glow, to be affected, to be excited, to be glad, to be charmed, to fall in love) + suffix = colouring, dyeing, pleasing, charming].
maGgala (28)
claimed to be related to maGg (to go, move) or maGk (to move, to adorn); happiness, welfare, bliss, lucky, benediction, auspicious.
maGgalAchAryya (19)
maGgala (auspicious, see above) + AcAryya (teacher, see above).
mahAdeva (23)
mahat [mah (to elate, gladden, exalt, excite, magnify, esteem, revere) + suffix (past particliple) = great] + deva (god, see above) = great god, epithet of shiva.
mahAdeva tarka-bhUSaNa (28)
Epithet of shiva (see above). For tarkabhUSaNa, see above.
mahAshvetA roshani rAYa (32)
mahAshvetA: mahat (great, see above) + shveta [from shvit (to be white) = white] + suffix (feminine) = of dazzling whiteness, sugar, name of various plants and goddesses including durgA or sarasvatI; roshani: light, brightness; from fArsI. For rAYa, see above.
maheshvara nyAYalaGkAra (22)
mahat (great, see above) + Ishvara (master, see above) = great master, an epithet of shiva.
mAkhama (30)
Evolved from mrakSaNa [mrakS (to rub, stroke, curry, smear, accumulate) + suffix = rubbing in, aointing, ointment, oil]; now means butter; soft as butter.
mAGgalI (7)
From maGgala (auspicious, see above).
mAdhava (24)
madhu (honey, name of a demon, see above) + suffix = vernal, an epithet of kRSNa.
mAdhava-candra siddhAnta (26)
mAdhava (an epithet of kRSNa, see above) + candra (moon, beautiful, best, see above). For siddhAnta, see above.
mAdhAi (32)
A pet name for mAdhava (an epithet of kRSNa, see above).
mAnika (30)
From saMskRta mANikya [maNi (jewel, see above) + suffix = ruby]; loved one.
mAlA rAYa-caudhuri (32)
Etymology unclear; Said to be mA (not) + lA (to take, receive) + suffix; mAla is name of a place west/south-west of Bengal and tribe therein; a wreath, garland, crown, a string of beads, necklace, rosary. For rAYacaudhurI, see above.
mitAli sharmmA (32)
from mitA [from mitra (friend, see below) + feminine suffix] + abstract suffix = friendship. For sharmmA, see above
mukunda (24)
An epithet of viSNu, see above.
murAri (31)
mura [mur [may be related to mR (to die); slayer, destroyer, enemy] + suffix = name of a demon] + ari [a (not) + rA (to yield, see above) + suffix; not liberal, envious, hostile, enemy] = enemy of mura, a name of kRSNa.
mRtyuJjaya (27)
mRtyum [mR (to die) + suffix (action+object) = death] + ji (to overcome, see below) + suffix = overcoming death.
mohana bhaTTAcAryya (28)
Pleasing, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
yAminI (29)
yAma [yA (to go, proceed, move, advance, journey) + suffix = motion, course, progress, a period of time equal to three hours, night watch] + suffix = a succession of watches, night.
yugala-kishora siddhAnta (27)
yugala [yuga [yuj [maybe related to yu (to yoke, join,, fasten, harness, bind, hold, push, give, worship); to yoke, join, fasten, harness, prepare, arrange, offer, sacrifice] + suffix = a yoke, team, pair, couple] + suffix = a pair, couple] + kishora (youth, see above). For siddhAnta, see above.
raghu-deva tarkAlaGkAra (23)
raghu [raMh/raGgh (to hasten, speed, flow) + suffix = hastening, speeding, light, name of a mythological king in whose line the incarnation rAma of viSNu was born] + deva (god, see above) = an epithet of rAma. For tarkAlaGkAra, see above.
raghu-nAtha sArvva-bhauma (20)
raghu (name of an ancestor of rAma, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above) = an epithet of rAma. For sArvvabhauma, see above.
raghu-pati (24)
raghu (name of an ancestor of rAma, see above) + pati (lord, see above) = an epithet of rAma.
raghu-pati (25)
An epithet of rAma, see above.
raghu-rAma (24)
raghu (name of an ancestor of rAma, see above) + rAma (name of an incarnation of viSNu, see above) = rAma of the raghu family, an epithet of rAma.
raghUttama (25)
raghu (name of an ancestor of rAma, see above) + uttama (the greatest, see above) = an epithet of rAma.
rajanI (29)
raJj (to be dyed or coloured, to redden, glow red, to be affected or charmed, to fall in love with, to colour, to paint) + suffix = the coloured one, the dark one, night.
raNajita (31)
From saMskRta raNajit [raNa [raN [related to ram (see below); to rejoice, delight, cheer, sound, ring] + suffix = delight, pleasure, joy, an object of delight, war, conflict] + ji (to conquer, see below) + suffix = conqueror].
raNajita (31)
conqueror, see above.
raNendra-nAtha vandyopAdhyAYa (31)
raNendra [raNa (battle, see above) + indra (best, see above) = conqueror] + nAtha (lord, see above). For vandyopAdhyAYa, see above.
rati-kAnta (26)
rati [ram (to stop, calm, delight, enjoy carnally, be glad) + suffix = rest, pleasure, fondness, sexual passion or union] + kAnta (desired, loved, see above).
rati-rAma vAcaSpati (22)
rati (delight, see above) + rAma (pleasing, see above). For vAcaSpati, see above.
rati-rAma (26)
see above.
ratna-garbha (3)
ratna (jewel, see above) + garbha [also said to be related to gRR (to swallow); grabh/grah (to seize, take, imprison, overpower, claim, win, gather, perceive, marry, coneive) + suffix = womb, interior, core, offspring, offspring of the sky referring to fogs and vapour] = filled with precious stones, ocean.
ratneshvara (22)
ratna (jewel, see above) + Ishvara (master, see above).
ramesha (28)
ramA [ram (to please, see above) + suffix = pleasing, wife, name of the goddess laKSmI of wealth] + Isha (possessor, master, see above) = husband of ramA, an epithet of viSNu.
rashmi-kara (9)
rashmi [etymology unclear, seems like a root rash might have existed; related to rashanA (rope, cord, strap, rein, girdle, ray of light); string, rope, cord, bridle, leash, goad, whip, measuring cord, ray of light, splendour] + kR (to do) + suffix = maker of light, the sun.
rasika (28)
ras (to taste, relish, feel, perceive) + suffix = tasteful, elegant, aesthetic, sentimental, fanciful, lustful.
rasika bhaTTAcAryya (29)
aesthetic. see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
rAghava (22)
raghu (an ancestor of rAma, see above) + suffix (son of) = an epithet of rAma.
rAghava (24)
an epithet of rAma, see above.
rAja-kishora sArvva-bhauma (24)
rAjan (king, see above) + kishora (son, see above). For sArvvabhauma, see above.
rAja-kishora (27)
prince, see above.
rAja-kRSNa (28)
rAjan (king, see above) + kRSNa (name of a god, see above).
rAja-candra tarkAlaGkAra (26)
rAjan (king, see above) + candra (best, see above). For tarkAlaGkAra, see above.
rAja-candra (28)
see above.
rAjA-rAma (24)
rAjan (king, see above) + rAma (name of a god, see above).
rAjA-rAma (25)
see above.
rAdhAi (23)
A short form of a name starting with rAdhA, see below.
rAdhA-kAnta (24)
rAdhA [rAdh [related to Rdh [related to vRdh (to increase, augment, strengthen, prosper, thrive, elevate, cheer, exhilarate, grow); to grow, increase, prosper, succeed] to succeed, to be accomplished, to be finished, be successful, thrive, prosper, to be ready for, submit, propitiate, gratify] + suffix = prosperity, success, name of a mythological cowherdess] + kAnta (desired, loved, see above) = lover of rAdhA, an epithet of kRSNa.
rAdhA-nAtha (29)
rAdhA (name of a person, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above) = lord of rAdhA, an epithet of kRSNa.
rAma (10)
Name of a god, see above.
rAma (22)
Name of a god, see above.
rAma (25)
Name of a god, see above.
rAma-kAnta (24)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + kAnta (desired, loved, see above).
rAma-kAnAi vAcaSpati (28)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + kAnAi [from saMskRta kRSNa (name of a god, see above)].
rAma-kishora (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + kishora (youth, see above).
rAma-kRSNa paJcAnana bhaTTAcAryya (21)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + kRSNa (name of a god, see above). paJcAnana = name of a god, see above. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
rAma-kRSNa (25)
see above.
rAma-kRSNa (31)
see above.
rAma-kRSNa (31)
see above.
rAma-kumAra (28)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + kumAra (son, see above).
rAma-gaGgA (26)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + gaGgA (name of a holy river, see above).
rAma-gaGgA tarka-bhUSaNa (26)
see above. For tarkabhUSaNa, see above.
rAma-gopAla (24)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + gopAla (epithet of a god, see above).
rAma-govinda vidyAlaGkAra (22)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + govinda (an epithet of a god, see above). For vidyAlaGkAra, see above.
rAma-candra (23)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + candra (beautiful, see above).
rAma-candra tarkAlaGkAra (23)
see above. For tarkAlaGkAra, see above.
rAma-candra (25)
see above
rAma-candra vidyAlaGkAra (27)
see above. For vidyAlaGkAra, see above.
rAma-jaYa bhaTTAcAryya (26)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + jaYa [ji (to win or acquire, conquer, vanquish, defeat, excell, surpass) + suffix = conquest, victory]. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
rAma-jIvana (21)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + jIvana (life, see above).
rAma-jIvana (24)
see above.
rAma-dAsa bhaTTAcAryya (24)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + dAsa (servant, see above). For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
rAma-dAsa nyAYAlaGkAra (24)
see above. For nyAYAlaGkAra, see above.
rAma-deva (22)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + deva (god, see above).
rAma-durlabha (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + durlabha [dur (difficult, see above) + labh [related to rabh [related to grabh (see above); to take hold of, grasp, clasp, embrace, desire, act rashly]; to take, seize, catch, catch sight of, find] + suffix = difficult to be obtained, scarce, rare, extraordinary, eminent]
rAma-durlabha (26)
see above.
rAma-durlabha (27)
see above.
rAma-dhana (27)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + dhana (wealth, see above).
rAma-dhana (29)
see above.
rAma-nAtha (27)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above).
rAma-nAtha (23)
see above.
rAma-nArAYaNa (24)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + nArAYaNa (name of a god, see above).
rAma-nArAYaNa (24)
see above.
rAma-prasAda (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + prasAda (gift, see above).
rAma-bhadra (22)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + bhadra (blessed, see above).
rAma-bhadra cakra-varttI (23)
see above. For cakravarttI, see above.
rAma-bhadra (24)
see above.
rAma-maNi vidyAlaGkAra (27)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + maNi (jewel, see above). For vidyAlaGkAra, see above.
rAma-muni (27)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + muni [said to be from man (to think, see above); impulse, eagerness, moved by inner impulse, inspired person, enthusiast, saint, sage, monk].
rAma-ratna (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + ratna (jewel, see above).
rAma-ratna (26)
see above.
rAma-rAma tarka-paJcAnana (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + rAma (name of a god, see above). For tarkapaJcAnana, see above.
rAma-rudra siddhAnta (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + rudra [rud (weep, cry, howl, roar, bewail, deplore) + suffix = crying, howling, roaring, dreadful, terrible, horrible, name of the destroyer shiva amongst the trinity; also claimed to be related to rudhira [probably a root rudh (to be red) existed; red, bloody] or rud/vRd/vRdh (to strengthen, see above) or ru [ru (to break, dash to pieces, to kill) + suffix = cutting] + dra/dru (to run, hasten, flee, attack)]. For siddhAnta, see above.
rAma-locana tarka-bhUSaNa (26)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + locana [loc [related to ruc (to shine, be bright, be splendid or good, be agreeable to, be pleased with, like, desire) and lok (to see, see above); to see, perceive] + suffix = illuminating, brightening, eye]. For tarkabhUSaNa, see above.
rAma-vallabha (22)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + vallabha (etymology unclear; beloved, desired, supreme, husband).
rAma-sharaNa (24)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + sharaNa [shR/shri (to cause to lean or rest on, fasten, direct, spread, lean on, rest on, cling to, be supported) + suffix = protecting, guarding, defending, shelter, refuge].
rAma-hari vidyA-bhUSaNa (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + hari [hR [probably two separate words; the one in use means take, bear, carry, offer, carry away, master, overpower, steal; there must have been another meaning to be yellow or green] + suffix = bearing, carrying, pale yellow, yellow, fawn-coloured, reddish-brown, bay, green, horse, name of viSNu].
rAmAnanda (20)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + Ananda (happiness, see above).
rAmAnanda (24)
see above.
rAmendra (25)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + indra (best, see above).
rAmeshvara (22)
rAma (name of a god, see above) + Ishvara (master, see above).
rAsa-vihArI (30)
rAsa [rAs [related to ras (to roar, yell, reverberate, praise); to howl, cry] + suffix = uproar, noise, a dance of the cowherds, sport or play] + vihArI [vihR [vi [probably related to dvi (two); apart, asunder, about, away, without, difference, variety, contrary] + hR [to take, bear, see above] = to put asunder, keep apart, separate, open, distribute, disperse, carry away, remove, tear, move on, walk, spend or pass time, walk for pleasure] + suffix (subject) = wandering about for pleasure, addicted to] = One who enjoys rAsa, an epithet of kRSNa.
rAhula priYaGkara Aica (32)
rAhu [rabh (to seize, see above) + suffix = the seizer, name of mythical forces] + suffix = name of gautama buddha's son. priYam [prI (to please, gladden, gratify, cheer, comfort, soothe) + suffix = beloved, dear, liked, favourite, wonted, own] + kR (to do) + suffix = winning friends, feeling affection. For Aica, see above.
riYA caTTopAdhyAYa (32)
???? (ri/rI means to set free, riy to acquire wealth, hrI is shame/modesty.) I have heard it said that it means a ‘flower’, ‘singer’ or ‘graceful’, but I have no idea where that came from. Of course, I have heard (though have no idea about the reliability of some of the sources) that the word means joy in Malaysian, is a rank title in Java, means father in some native American language, is related to a root meaning protection in Maori, was the pronounciation of the name of the Egyptian sun god Ra at some point, is related to the root for river in many languages of Latin origin, means something like way in Kurdish, related to the mother earth, generation, and poppy in languages of Greek origin, name of a flightless bird and a sattelite (same origin), related to bitter in Italian, related to words for intention(?) or pride (in a negative sense) in Arabic, related to the saMskRta AlaYa (abode; but used in some spiritual meaning in this context) in Buddhist texts from China, Japan, and Korea, is the name of a Japanese cartoon character (related?), is a piece of tripura tribal women's clothing, and even exists in assamese as the name of a plant! In Hebrew, Re'ya (which seems to have different vowels than in riYA) is used as both a male and a female name, and the root meaning is friend; as a female name, it is often married lady, or simply lady. In Turkish Rüya is used as a name and means dream, and a related word means vision in Arabic. But, I haven't been able to find the origin of this as a Bengali name. For caTTopAdhyAYa, see above.
rINA vandyopAdhyAYa (31)
???? There is a rINA in saMskRta: rI/ri [related to lI (cling or press closely, stick or adhere to, remain sticking, lie, recline); release, sever, detach, yield, be shatterred, be dissolved] + suffix = melted, dissolved, vanished. I have heard this means queen, but do not know the basis for this claim. It means joy or song in Hebrew, and apparently means park in japanese. For vandyopAdhyAYa, see above.
rudAi (23)
meaning unknown. Could be pet form of rudra, see above.
rudra (24)
Name of shiva, see above.
rudra cakra-varttI (25)
Name of shiva, see above. For cakravarttI, see above.
rUpanArAYaNa cakra-varttI (21)
rUpa [rUp (to form, figure, represent, gesture, view, contemplate) may be a backformation from rUpa; maybe related to varpas [probably related to vR (cover, screen, veil, conceal, hide, obstruct, close, restrain, forbid); a pretended or assumed form, phantom, image, form]; appearance, colour, form, shape, figure, beauty] + nArAYaNa (name of a god, see above). For cakravarttI, see above.
rUpanArAYaNa (24)
see above.
rUpa-rAma (23)
rUpa (form, beauty, see above) + rAma (name of a god, see above).
romA-rAma (26)
??? roman/loman [related to ruh (ascend, mount, climb, reach, attain, grow, heal); short hair on the body of men and animals, feathers of a bird] + rAma (name of a god, see above).
roSAkara (9)
roSa [ruS [related to rush (to hurt, injure, annoy); to be hurt, offended, displease, be vexed, be angry] + suffix = anger, rage, passion, fury] + Akara [A (near, towards, fully) + kRR (pour out, scatter, throw, cast, disperse, fill with) + suffix = one who scatters, one who gives abundantly, accumulation, mine].
rauNaka mukhopAdhyAya (32)
I do not know the etymology; urdu/hindi word meaning shine, healthy sheen. For mukhopAdhyAYa, see above.
lakSmaNa (25)
lakS [might be back formation from lakSa [related to lag (adhere, stick, cling, come in contact with, follow closely, ensue); probably originally meaning attahed; mark, sign, token, target]; to mark, sign, characterize, define, aim, view, consider, regard, suppose, know, understand, recognize, notice, perceive] + suffix = marked, with signs, with auspicious signs, lucky, fortunate; name of brother of rAma.
lakSmaNa (29)
Brother of rAma, see above.
lakSmI-nArAYaNa (29)
lakSmI [lakS (to mark, see above) + suffix = mark, sign, token, bad sign, impending misfortune, good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, happiness, wealth, beauty, name of goddess of fortune and wealth] + nArAYaNa (name of a god, see above).
vatsa (14)
etymology unclear; probabaly a root vatas meaning year existed; original meaning may have been one year old; calf, young of any animal, offspring, child, dear child.
vana-mAlI smRti-ratna (28)
vana (etymology unclear; van means to like, love, wish, desire, gain, acquire, conquer, possess; however, there is a van meaning wood or wooden vessel; forest, wood, grove, tree, plenty, abundance) + mAlA (garland, see above) + suffix = wearing a garland of wild flowers, applied to kRSNa. For smRtiratna, see above.
varadA (30)
vara [vR (to choose, select, woo, solicit, prefer) + suffix = choosing, chooser, suiter, lover, bridegroom's friend, select, choicest, valuable, best, better, boon]) + dA (to give) + suffix = one who grants wishes.
varNAlI (31)
varNa [varN (to paint, colour, dye, depict, picture, write, consider, spread, praise) probably backformation from varNa; maybe related to vR (to conceal, see above); covering, outward appearance, exterior, form, shape, colour, lustre, dye, race, species, letter, sound, musical note] + suffix = spectrum.
vANI-nAtha (24)
vANI [related to vaN/baN (to sound); sound, voice, music, speech, language, composition, praise] + nAtha (lord, see above).
vinaya (30)
vi (apart, see above) + nI (to lead, guide, direct, govern, exclude, to carry off as a victor, to lead home i.e. marry, to subdue) + suffix = leading away, separating, training, education, discipline, control, good breeding, propriety, decency, modesty, mildness.
vishoka (6)
vi (apart, see above) + shoka (sorrow, see above) = end of sorrow.
vishva-nAtha (30)
vishva [vish (to enter, settle down, reenter, pervade, enter fire, sink, appear, go home to rest, flow into, begin, undertake business) + suffix = all-pervading, all, every, whole, entire, universal, everywhere, the whole world, universe] + nAtha (lord, see above).
vishveshvara (27)
vishva (universe, see above) + Ishvara (lord, see above).
vishveshvara (29)
Lord of the universe, see above.
vishveshvara (30)
Lord of the universe, see above.
viSNu (22)
viS (to be active, work, be quick, run, flow, serve, overcome, rule) + suffix = worker, the protector amongst the hindu trinity.
vRndAvana-candra (28)
vRndAvana [vRnda [maybe related to vR (to conceal, see above); heap, multitude, flock, swarm, aggregation, cluster, chorus] + vana (forest, see above)] + candra (best, beautiful, see above) = an epithet of kRSNa.
veda-garbha (32)
veda [vid (to know, see above) + suffix = knowledge, true or sacred knowledge, ritual knowledge, name of certain holy books] + garbha (womb, see above).
vaikunTha (28)
vikuNTha [vi (contrary, see above) + kuNTha [kuNTh (to be lame, be mutilated, be blunted, be dulled) + suffix = blunt, dull, stupid, lazy, foolish] = sharp, keen, penetrating, irresistible, epithet of viSNu] + suffix = place where viSNu lives, viSNu.
vraja-mohana (27)
vraja [vRj (to bend, turn, twist off, pull up, pluck, gather, break somebody's neck, avert, remove, withhold, choose) + suffix = a fold, stall, cow pen, cattle shed, name of a place] + mohana (pleasing, see above) = an epithet of kRSNa.
vratati (32)
maybe related to vRt (to turn, revolve, roll, move, go on, advance, proceed, occur, to be, live, stay, dwell, show, do); creeper.
shaGkara (24)
sham [maybe related to sham (to toil, fatigue, prepare, arrange, finish, stop, hurt, injure, destroy) + suffix (causative) = to pacify, allay, appease, calm, conquer, conquer; auspiciously, fortunately, happily, well] + kR (to do) + suffix (subject) = one causing prosperity, auspicious, beneficient, a name of shiva.
shaGkara (25)
a name of shiva, see above.
shaGkara (32)
a name of shiva, see above.
shambhu (30)
Also shambhU; sham (auspicious, see above) + bhU (to be, see above) + suffix = being or existing for happiness, beneficient, benevolent, a name for shiva.
shambhu-nAtha vidyAlaGkAra (26)
shambhu (a name for shiva, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above). For vidyAlaGkAra, see above.
sharata bhaTTAcAryya (29)
From saMskRta sharad [probably from shrA (related to shRR described next; to cause to cook or boil, to make hot)/shRR (to crush, break, fall, decay); time of ripening, autumn, year.] For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
shalya (12)
shal (to shake, see above) + suffix = dart, javelin, arrow, splinter, fault, defect, name of a mythological character.
shasha-dhara (32)
shasha [shash (to leap) is probably a back formation; hare, rabbit, antelope, mild] + dhR (to hold, see above) + suffix = bearer of hare marks, the moon.
shATha (10)
A name, meaning uncertain. Probably shaTha [shaTh [maybe related to shuTh [maybe related to shuNTh (to be lame, to limp, to dry); to limp, to be obstructed]; to hurt, suffer pain, decieve, be idle; other meanings claimed include to praise [related to shaT (to be sick, praise)/shal (to shake, cover, move, praise)], speak ill/well [related to svaTh with same meaning], accomplish/adorn/leave unfinished/leave unadorned [related to saTh/shvaTh/shvaTh/shvaNTh with same meaning]] + suffix = false, decitful, wicked, fool, idle, name of various mythological characters] + suffix (son or descendant).
shAntanu vandyopAdyAYa (32)
in old saMskRta seems to have been shaMtanu [sham (good, see above) + tanu/tanU [probably from tan (to extend, spread, diffuse, continue, endure, stretch, bend, go towards, protract, manifest, display, perform, compose, render) + suffix = thin, slender, small, little, body] = wholesome for body, name of a mythological character]. For vandyopAdhyAYa, see above.
shAnti (30)
sham (to stop; + causative = to calm, see above) + suffix = alleviation, extinction, pause, tranquility, peace, absence of passion, absence of pain, eternal rest.
shAradA (29)
Also written sAradA. Probably from sharada [sharad (autumn, year, see above) + suffix = produed in autumn, mature, that which provides shelter against overflowing rivers in autumn] + suffix (feminine) = name of durgA or sarasvatI, a kind of lute.
shAradA (30)
see above.
shAva (10)
The word meaning in bengali is young of an animal derived from shU/shvi (to grow, see above); the word also means cadaverous from shava (corpse; from the same root; probably meaning swollen originally); but the meaning most likely is one which seems to have been transferred from shyAva [related to shyAma [said to be from shyai (to go, move, freeze); black, dark coloured, dark blue or brown or grey or green, an epithet of kRSNa]; dark brown, brown, dark, drawn by horses, pungent and sweet and sour taste, name of a man].
shiva-rAma sArvva-bhauma (22)
shiva (a god, see above) + rAma (a god, see above). For sArvvabhauma, see above.
shiva-rAma (23)
see above.
shuka-deva (23)
shuka [Probbly from shuc (to be bright, see above) a parrot] + deva (god, see above) = name of various mythological characters.
shekhara (31)
The top of the head, the highest, see above.
shailena (30)
probably shortened from shailendra [shaila [shilA [probably related to shi (see above); stone, rock, crag] + suffix; made of stone, rocky, rigid] + indra (best of, see above) = greatest mountain, the himAlaYa].
shobhana (5)
shobh [related to shubh (to beautify, embellish, adorn, look beautiful, shine, look like, make fit, prepare); bright, brilliant, handsome] + suffix = brilliant, splendid, beautiful, excellent, distinguished, superior, auspicious, correct.
shyAmA-kishora (28)
shyAmA [shyAma (see above) + suffix (feminine) = woman with peculiar marks or characteristics, a girl who has the marks of puberty, a woman who has not borne children, female of slender shape, name of a female deity] + kishora (son, see above).
shyAmA-caraNa (27)
shyAmA (a deity, see above) + caraNa /(feet, see above) = (refuge at) shyAmA's feet.
shyAmA-caraNa (28)
see above.
shrI-kRSNa (31)
shrI [maybe related to shri (to rest on) or to shrI (to mix, mingle, cook); light, luster, radiance, splendour, glory, beauty, prosperity, auspiciousness, wealth, high rank, power, royal dignity, used as a prefix for names as a royal symbol, used in polite address before a person's name] + kRSNa (a god, see above).
shrI-dhara (24)
shrI (fortune, see above) + dhara (bearer, see above) = possessor of fortune, an epithet of viSNu.
shrI-nAtha (29)
shrI [shrI (fortune, see above) + suffix (feminine) = goddess lakSmI of wealth] + nAtha (lord, see above) = husband of lakSmI = visNu.
shrI-rAma (22)
shrI (a title, see above) + rAma (a god, see above).
shrI-rAma-kRSNa (27)
shrI (a title, see above) + rAma (a god, see above) + kRSNa (a god, see above).
shrI-shrI-rAma (25)
shrI (a title, see above) + shrI (a title, see above) + rAma (a god, see above).
SaSThI-caraNa (31)
SaSThI [SaS (six) + suffix (ordinal, feminine) = sixth day, a deity who protects children and is supposed to be worshipped on the sixth day after birth when the god of fate is supposed to write the fate on the child's forehead] + caraNa (feet, see above) = (refuge at) SaSThI's feet.
SaSThIvara (8)
SaSThI (a deity, see above) + vara (boon, see above).
saGgIta bhaTTAcAryya (31)
saGgIta [[saM (together, see above) + gai (sing, speak, recite) = sing together, chant, sing in chorus, celebrate] + suffix = song sung in chorus, concert, song, music] + suffix (feminine). For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
saJcitA (31)
[saM (together, see above) + ci [to arrange in order, heap up, construct e.g. an altar, collect, accumulate, search/choose [this meaning may be related to ci (to observe, perceive, be intent, seek, investigate, search)], increase, cover] = to heap together, pile up, to put in order, accumulate] + suffix (object, feminine) = piled together, gathered, collected, dense, thick.
satIsha (30)
satI [sat [as (to be, live, exist, happen) + suffix = being, existing, real, actual, as ought to be, true, good, right, venerable, wise, honest, cratures, sage] + suffix (feminine) = a good woman, virtuous woman, female ascetic, faithful wife esp. that dies with her husband, name of many mythological characters, name of umA] + Isha (master, see above).
satIsha-candra smRti-cUDAmaNi (29)
satIsha (see above) + candra (best, beautiful, see above). For smRticUDAmaNi, see above.
sadA-shiva nyAYa-paJcAnana (26)
sadA [maybe related to sa (conjunction, union, thoroughness, see above) and dA (to bind); always, every time, perpetually] + shiva (benevolent, see above) = always kind, always prosperous, name of shiva.
sanAtana bhaTTAcAryya (28)
maybe from sanA [sana [sana [san (to gain, acquire, possess) + suffix = gain, possession] may be a different word; old, ancient, lasting long] + suffix = from olden times] + tan (continue, succeed uninterruptedly, see above) + suffix = eternal, perpetual, permanent, primeval, ancient. For bhaTTAcAryya, see above.
santoSa (30)
saM (with, see above) + tuS (to be pleased, see above) + suffix = satisfaction, content.
samIra rAYa-caudhurI (32)
[saM (together, see above) + Ir (to go, move, arise, retire, agitate, elevate, excite, bring to life) = to join together, bring about, create, effect, promote] + suffix = that which moves, that which breaths in life, air, breeze, wind. For rAYacaudhurI, see above.
sudeva (31)
shu/su (good, right, virtuous, beautiful, easy, willingly, quickly) + deva (god, see above) = a good or real god, one who has the right gods. [Also su + div (play, see above) + suffix = potent, a very erotic lover.]
sudhIra (30)
su (good, see above) + dhIra [dhR (to hold, see above)/dhA (to put, place, see above) + suffix = steady, constant, firm, brave, energetic, calm, gentle, well-bred] = very steady, firm, resolute. [Also su + dhI [dhI [related to dIdhI (to perceive, think, wish, desire), dhyai (to think, imagine, contemplate, meditate, recollect), dhA (to put e.g. one's mind to, see above); to perceive, think, reflect, wish, desire] + suffix = religious thought, reflection, meditation, devotion, prayer, understanding, intelligence, wisdom, knowledge, science, art, mind, design, opinion] + suffix = very considerate and wise].
suparNA (31)
su (good, see above) + parNa (leaf, feather) + suffix = having beautiful leaves, having beautiful wings, having beautiful rays.
sumanta (31)
meaning unclear. Maybe related to su (good, see above) + mantu [man (to think, see above) + suffix = adviser, manager, ruler] = easily known, friendly sentiment. Or from su (good, see above) + mantra [man (to think, see above) + suffix = instrument of thought, speech, sacred text, prayer, secret, consultation, resolution] = following good advice.
sumitA (31)
Though this word has meaning in saMskRta arising from su (good, see above) + mA (to measure, see above) + suffix = well measured; and from su (good, see above) + mi (to fix or fasten, build, construct, measure, judge, perceive, know) + suffix = well established; and though mita in the latter meaning has been used for names of mythological beings; the bengali name probably comes from saMskRta sumitrA [su (good, see above) + mitra [probably from mith (to unite, pair, couple, meet) or mid (to grow fat); a friend] + suffix (feminine) = having good friends, good friend].
sura-jita rAYa-caudhurI (33)
From saMskRta surajit [sura [derivation unclear; maybe backformation from asura [maybe related to as (to throw, cast, shoot, drive away, frighten); asu [as (to be, live, see above) + suffix = breath, life, life in the spiritual world] + suffix = spiritual, incorporeal, divine, spirit, evil spirit, demon]; maybe related to svar (to shine); sur (to rule, possess superhuman power) is probably a backformation; a god, divinity] + ji (to win, see above) + suffix (subject)]. For rAYacaudhurI, see above.
sUryya-deva (23)
sUryya [related to svar (to shine) as above; sun] + deva (god, see above).
sUryya-deva (23)
the sun god, see above.
svAgatA (31)
su (good, see above) + A (near, see above) + gam (to go, see above) + suffix = welcome. [Also, with a different stress in saMskRta, sva (own, self) + A (near, see above) + gam (to go, see above) + suffix = come of one's own.]
hara-kumAra (28)
hara [hR (carry, see above) + suffix = bearer, destroyer, ravisher, name of shiva] + kumAra (son, see above).
hara-kumAra (28)
see above.
hara-nAtha (29)
hara (shiva, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above).
hara-nAtha (29)
see above.
hari cakra-varttI (24)
viSNu (see above). For cakravarttI, see above.
hari-nAtha (28)
hari (viSNu, see above) + nAtha (lord, see above).
hari-nAtha (30)
see above.
hari-nArAYaNa (24)
hari (viSNu, see above) + nArAYaNa (viSNu, see above).
hari-nArAYaNa nyAYa-vAgIsha (27)
see above. For nyAYavAgIsha, see above.
hari-prasAda (27)
hari (viSNu, see above) + prasAda (gift, see above).
hari-rAma vAcaSpati (21)
hari (viSNu, see above) + rAma (a god, see above). For vAcaSpati, see above.
hari-rAma (22)
see above.
hare-kRSNa (31)
From saMskRta hari (viSNu, see above) + kRSNa (a god, see above).
harendra (29)
hara (shiva, see above) + indra (best, see above).
hArAna (30)
corrupted form of some name.
hArAna (29)
corrupted form of some name.
hAsi (30)
from saMskRta has (to laugh, smile, mock, ridicule, excel) = laughter.
hIrA-lAla (29)
hIrA [from saMskRta hIra/hIraka [maybe related to hAra [hR (carry, see above) + suffix = bearing, carrying, levying, ravishing, charming, garland of pearls, necklace]; string of pearls, diamond]] + lAla (dear, see above).
hIrA-lAla (30)
see above.
hema-garbha (2)
hema [derivation unclear; gold] + garbha [womb, see above] = having gold inside.
hemanta (30)
hima (cold, frost) + suffix = cold season.

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